Registration details can be found in the TLD reference chart.
Anyone who wants to register a .CA domain name must meet certain Canadian Presence Requirements (CPR).
CIRA does not allow the use of trustee services, as per section 4.1g Certain Registrant Obligations of the registration agreement.
When registering .CA domain names, registrants must complete the Legal Type field on the order form. From the drop-down list, choose the most appropriate Canadian Presence Requirement (CPR) category for the registrant.
Canadian Presence Requirements (CPR)
In order to satisfy the Canadian Presence requirement, the registrant must fall into one of the following categories:
- Aboriginal Peoples (individuals or groups) indigenous to Canada—Any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada, any individual belonging to any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada and any collectivity of such Aboriginal peoples.
- Canadian Educational Institution—Any of the following: (i) a university or college which is located in Canada and which is authorized or recognized as a university or college under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada; (ii) a college, post-secondary school, vocational school, secondary school, pre-school or other school or educational institution which is located in Canada and which is recognized by the educational authorities of a province or territory of Canada or licensed under or maintained by an Act of Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada.
- Canadian Hospital— A hospital which is located in Canada and which is licensed, authorized or approved to operate as a hospital under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada.
- Canadian Library, Archive or Museum— An institution, whether or not incorporated, that (i) is located in Canada and (ii) is not established or conducted for profit or does not form part of, or is not administered or directly or indirectly controlled by, a body that is established or conducted for profit, in which is held and maintained a collection of documents and other materials that is open to the public or to researchers.
- Canadian Political Party— A political party registered under a relevant electoral law of Canada or any province or territory of Canada.
- Canadian Trade Union—A trade union which is recognized by a labour board under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada and which has its head office in Canada.
- Canadian Unincorporated Association—An unincorporated organization, association or club:
At least 80% of whose members: (A) are ordinarily resident in Canada (if such members are individuals); or (B) meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (a) to (f) above (if such members are not individuals); and
At least 80% of whose directors, officers, employees, managers, administrators or other representatives are ordinarily resident in Canada
- Canadian citizen—A Canadian citizen of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided.
- Corporation (Canada or Canadian province or territory)—A corporation under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada.
- Government or government entity in Canada—A province or a territory; an agent of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, of a province or of a territory; a federal, provincial or territorial Crown corporation, government agency or government entity; and a regional, municipal or local area government.
- Her Majesty the Queen—Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada
- Indian Band recognized by the Indian Act of Canada—Any Indian band as defined in the Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5, as amended from time to time, and any group of Indian bands.
- Legal Representative of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident—An executor, administrator or other legal representative of a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.
- Official mark registered in Canada—A Person which does not meet any of the foregoing conditions, but which is a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the Trade-Marks Act (Canada) at whose request the Registrar of Trade-marks has published notice of adoption of any badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark pursuant to Subsection 9(1), but in this case such permission is limited to an application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of such badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark in respect of which such Person requested publications.
- Partnership Registered in Canada—A partnership, more than 66 2/3 % of whose partners meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (a) to (e) above, which is registered as a partnership under the laws of any province or territory of Canada.
- Permanent Resident of Canada—A permanent resident as defined in the Immigration Act (Canada) who is ordinarily resident in Canada (as defined below) and of the age of majority under the laws of the province or territory in Canada in which he or she resides or last resided.
- Trade-mark registered in Canada (by a non-Canadian owner)—A Person which does not meet any of the foregoing conditions, but which is the owner of a trade-mark which is the subject of a registration under the Trade-marks Act (Canada), but in this case such permission is limited to an application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of that registered trade-mark
- Trust established in Canada—A trust established and subsisting under the laws of a province or territory of Canada, more than 66 2/3 % of whose trustees meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (a) to (d) above.
From time to time, CIRA conducts a Registrant Information Audit to request proof of Canadian presence. The registrant would've received an email from CIRA asking them to upload relevant documents (Canadian passport, birth certificate, permanent resident card, etc) to the CIRA website, cira.ca. If the registrant ignores or cannot demonstrate Canadian presence, the domain will be deleted about two months from the start of the audit. CIRA would've sent out multiple notices to the registrant prior to the deletion of the domain.
Nameservers configured on .CA domains must each have a unique IP address. At least two unique nameservers must be configured on this TLD. If name servers were working fine but the domain suddenly stopped resolving, the registry might have put a serverHold on the domain for failing the Canadian presence requirement (see above). Please check with the registrant to see if they've received a request from CIRA to upload proof of Canadian presence.
A .CA domain name can be renewed for a period of 1-10 years. After a renewal has been processed, the domain status will continue to display "auto-renew grace" in WHOIS for 40 days after the expiry date.
Reminder emails are sent to the registrant and the Reseller 90, 60, 30, and 0 days before the domains expire. .CA renewal management is an extension of the gTLD renewal management features. If, for example, your renewal messaging is enabled for .COM/.NET/.ORG, the same messages are used for .CA names.
We hold a .CA domain for 40 days after the expiry date (Renewal Grace Period). On the 40th day the domain enters into the Redemption Grace Period which lasts for 30 days. During the Renewal and Redemption Grace periods, the domain can be restored by completing the Redemption Request Form, which is accessed by clicking Domain Redemption in the Domain Management section of the RWI.
After the Redemption Grace Period, the registry deletes the domain and makes it available to the general public.
Registrant contact information
As of March 6, 2014 at 23:00 EST, the following information must be provided for the registrant contact (known as the Owner contact in OpenSRS) whenever a domain name is registered or updated.
Note: This does not affect renewals.
- First name
- Last name
- Email address
- Phone number
- Street address
- Province/State (mandatory when Canada or US is selected, otherwise optional)
- Postal Code (mandatory when Canada or US is selected, otherwise optional)
Important:If you do not include all of the required information, orders and contact updates may fail.
CIRA Registrant Agreement
Resellers are required to display the CIRA Registrant Agreement, accessible at http://www.cira.ca/policies/, in full to the registrant prior to accepting an order for a .CA domain name. You must also ensure the registrant fully agrees to the Agreement prior to accepting an order for a .CA domain name. Furthermore, you must ensure the registrant scrolls through the entire agreement prior to accepting the terms of the agreement. After registration, the registrant will receive an email with link to accept the agreement. If there is a need to accept the agreement at a later time, please obtain the Contact ID handle from OpenSRS Support and ask the Registrant to agree to terms via this page.
WHOIS Privacy for .CA domains
CIRA limits the personal information of .CA Registrants that is available to the public via the WHOIS lookup service. By default, the .CA public WHOIS does not provide personal information for individual domain name registrants.
Interested third parties can contact the registrant by using a contact form available on CIRA’s website (similar to other WHOIS privacy services).
Registrant information for domains registered to corporations continues to be provided. Corporations and organizations can request similar WHOIS protection in special circumstances, but this feature is disabled by default.
The current authoritative WHOIS server for .CA domains is http://whois.cira.ca/
(As of May 25h 2018 all .ca transfers must also specify a CPR Category. See Residency Requirements Section)
Municipal domains cannot be transferred through our interface. If you wish to transfer a municipal domain, please contact OpenSRS and provide the authcode. If you have already made an attempt to transfer and received an error, please provide the error message when you make the request. It will look like this:
Could not issue transfer: Unable to process transfer for example.ca: Parameter value policy error. When submitting a transfer request for a municipal or provincial domain, do not provide new Contact Ids. CIRA will generate new contacts using existing contact information. value 8054.
When a registrant chooses to transfer a domain from OpenSRS to another registrar, upon approval of the transfer at the gaining registrar, the transfer away will complete immediately.
Registering municipal domain(s)
If you are registering a municipal domain, you will require the municipality to fill out the consent form provided by CIRA filled out to match the admin contact in your registration. Please see the required details below:
- The consent form must be printed on the municipal letterhead
- The consent form must be signed by the municipal representative, not the admin contact
- The administrative contact information in the order MUST match the administrative contact on the form (the form has two different contacts, one is municipal representative while the other is administrative contact).
- The administrative contact must be an employee of the municipality. "IT Consultant" or reseller’s own contact information will be rejected.
- The registrant contact must be the municipality as the registry will call them to verify that they are aware and have the authorization to register the domain.
Once the above is completed you may submit a 'transfer' order in your control panel. Please keep in mind all municipalities will appear as 'transfer' in our system although they are restricted and do not exist. Please reach out to email@example.com to finalize the process.