.FR domain policies

.FR is the TLD for France, and is regulated by the AFNIC Registry. All .FR domains have a registration term of one year. 

Registration requirements

Registration details can be found in the TLD reference chart.

The registrant and tech contact must be unique if the domain registration is for an individual. Registrations/trades will fail if the contact info listed as the registrant contact is the same as the tech contact.

.FR prohibited and reserved names

AFNIC maintains a list of names that are not available for registration. You can view a complete list of domains that are prohibited or reserved by AFNIC at: http://www.afnic.fr/obtenir/chartes/fondamentaux_en.

Registrants can apply for names that are on this list, and they will be allowed to register these names if they can prove that they are entitled to them. When submitting a order for a prohibited or reserved name, you must provide a detailed statement (maximum 4000 characters) explaining the registrant’s interest in the name*. You can enter this information in the Notes section (accessible after you submit the order) or you can email it to help@opensrs.com.

The request will then be sent to AFNIC’s legal department, who will approve or deny the request If necessary, AFNIC may require the registrant to provide follow-up documentation to substantiate their claim. Please allow several days for processing.

The registrant still needs to meet the “FR Residency Requirements” and provide the required residency information in the Additional Owner Information section.

Residency requirements

Residency requirements

When you place an order for a .FR domain name, you must provide some additional information to satisfy the regional presence requirements of the .FR registry.

  • "Individual" registrants must be a resident of the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein.
  • "Organization" registrants must be a located in the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein. "Organization" registrants located in France must provide their SIREN/SIRET number in the SRS Order Notes.


Registrant Type Fields
Individual No additional fields required.
Organization The following fields are optional; however, we strongly recommend that you complete them as this information helps the registry to validate the registration.
  • VAT Number—The Value Added Tax (VAT) number of the organization.
  • Trademark Number—The organization's trademark registration number.
  • SIREN/SIRET Number—The 9 digit SIREN code or the 14 digit SIRET code that is used to identify the business for tax reasons.

DNS

Nameservers can be provided either when registering the .FR domain, or when activating the .FR domain.

The domain name and nameserver details are transferred to the zone file within 24 hours, after which time, the domain name becomes active.

The nameservers must comply with the following registry requirements and conditions:

General conditions

  • The zone is installed in all the nameservers (at least two) given in the installation request ticket sent to the auto-ticket@nic.fr address.
  • The primary server name in the Server of Authority (SOA) record corresponds to the first server given in the list of servers to install.
  • The zone contact (RNAME) is valid and contactable by email.
  • The zone serial number is the same on each server.
  • The refresh time is at least one hour.
  • The retry time is at least one hour.
  • The expire time is at least a week, and much higher than the refresh time.
  • The TTL time in the SOA specifies the TTL for negative responses (NXDOMAIN) and must not exceed one day.
  • The TTL time is at least one hour for SOA and NS records.
  • The list of zone name servers returned by the server corresponds to the list of servers requested in the ticket.
  • There is one MX for the zone, using a message service relay with a legal name that must be (or must point to) an Internet address (A record); any alias (CNAME) will be refused in accordance with the RFCs.
  • The postmaster@domain-name.fr or postmaster@domain-name.re mailbox must be contactable.
  • The contents of the zone conform to the RFCs.

Configuration of nameservers

  • The server must have international IP connectivity.
  • The server must be online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
  • The DNS service must be accessible on port 53 in UDP and TCP, and to ICMP echo packets, for packets sent from any machine on the Internet.
  • The server must have authority for the requested zone.
  • The server must obtain the correct list of name servers corresponding to each of the ".fr / .re", ".in-addr.arpa" and "." zones, and must not have authority unless it is mentioned in this list. The addresses of the servers mentioned must be correct.
  • The server obtains the correct address for each of the other servers in the zone.
  • The server calculates checksums for UDP packets and generates its IP packets with a TTL of at least 64.
  • The server does not forward requests to AFNIC servers.
  • It must be possible to obtain the server names based on their IP addresses.

Messaging

  • The VRFY command is implemented in accordance with RFC1123.
  • The return code must be of type "2xx" in accordance with RFC1893.
  • The postmaster@domain-name.fr or postmaster@domain-name.re address can be delivered to on the first message service relay.
  • It must be possible to deliver to the zone contact address specified in the SOA record on the first message service relay.

Network database (RIPE - RADB)

For each server mentioned:

  • There is an "inetnum" record for the network to which it belongs.
  • There is a "route" record for the network to which it belongs.

For each zone registration request:

  • The first technical contact is located at the requesting registrar,
  • The identifier of the first technical contact is a NIC-HDL of a role object in the FRNIC database.

Renewals

.FR domains should be set to Auto-Renew, in which case the domain automatically renews near the expiration date. If Auto-Renew is not turned on, the domain will expire at the end of the registration period without notification. They remain in quarantine at the registry for 30 days. During this time, these names can be recovered by submitting through the same Domain Redemption tool in RWI used to redeem gTLD's.

Transfers

Registrar transfers require an auth_info code. The registrant can obtain this code from the current registrar. OpenSRS will send an email to the admin contact of the domain asking them to approve the transfer. The admin can enter the authcode for the domain on the transfer approval page. Registration terms begin anew at the completion of registrar and registrant transfers.

As of June 30, 2015, transfers and changes of ownership must be processed separately; the change of ownership (more information below) needs to be initiated after the transfer has completed, and will be billed as usual.

For more information on transfers, see "Transferring domains and changing domain ownership"

Changes of Ownership

Changing the listed registrant of a .FR name must be confirmed by both the current and new registrant. Previously the registry would send emails to losing and gaining registrant but recently, due to a change, this is now facilitated by the registrar/reseller.

You can use the following steps to start a change of ownership:

1.  Login at manage.opensrs.com

2.  Click on "Domains" at the top

3.  Search for and click on the domain you want to submit the request for

4.  Click on "Edit" to the right of Owner Information section

5.  Make the necessary adjustments to owner details and click "Save"

OpenSRS will receive notice regarding your owner change request and reach out to the technical contact email address on your reseller account from help@opensrs.com.  In our email we will request that you provide us with email from both the current and new registrants approving the change of ownership.  The approval emails MUST be from the email addresses listed on the whois for the current registrant and the email address listed on the change of ownership order for the new registrant.  This means that you will have one confirmation email that shows it is from the current domain owners email address and a second confirmation email that shows it is from the new registrant email address listed on the change of ownership order.

To provide these messages to OpenSRS support you must export the emails as .eml file from your mail client and attach them in a reply to help@opensrs.com.  It is not acceptable to forward the messages.

If, for some reason, the current owner email address is no longer valid the FR Owner Change Form.docx. should be filled out, signed by both parties, and emailed to help@opensrs.com

When the change of ownership is completed your account will be billed according to the trade fee listed here.

Although there is a cost to perform a change of ownership there is no change to the domains registration period.

As of June 30, 2015, transfers and changes of ownership must be processed separately; the change of ownership needs to be initiated after the transfer has completed, and will be billed as usual.

WHOIS Privacy

A change was made to the way whois privacy service is setup on new .fr domain registrations.  As a result, at this time, OpenSRS does not support whois privacy on new .fr registrations.

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